Prathima Cancer Institute

Best Hospital for Oral Cancer in Warangal

Department of Oral Cancer

Oral cavity cancer (mouth cancer) is cancer that affects the inside of the mouth.

Oral Cavity includes:

  • Lips
  • Gums
  • front two-thirds of the Tongue
  • Inner lining of the cheeks (buccal mucosa)
  • Bony Roof of the mouth (hard palate) 
  • Floor of the mouth (under the tongue)
  • area behind the wisdom teeth (retromolar trigone)

Oral cancer is the most common cancer in males in India.

Risk factors

  • Tobacco use of any kind, including cigarettes, cigars, pipes, chewing tobacco and snuff
  • Chewing Betel quid (areca nut (betel nut), catechu, slaked lime wrapped in a piper betel leaf) and gutka
  • Drinking alcohol
  • Excessive sun exposure to your lips
  • A sexually transmitted virus called human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • A weakened immune system
  • family history of oral cancer
  • Hereditary conditions (Fanconi anemia, Li-Fraumeni syndrome)
  • Premalignant lesions (Leukoplakia, erythroplakia, sub mucosal fibrosis, etc.)


  • A lip or mouth sore that doesn’t heal
  • A white or reddish patch on the inside of mouth
  • Loose teeth
  • A growth or lump inside mouth
  • Mouth pain
  • Ear pain
  • Difficult or painful swallowing, Trouble chewing
  • Trouble moving the jaw or tongue
  • A lump or mass in the neck or back of the throat
  • Chronic bad breath
  • Unintentional weight loss


  • Incisional biopsy
  • Panendoscopy ( laryngoscopy/pharyngoscopy, esophagoscopy, bronchoscopy )
  • Ultrasound Neck
  • CT scan
  • MRI
  • PET scan


  • Surgery
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted Therapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Palliative Treatment


  • Avoid tobacco and alcohol
  • Get regular dental checkups

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